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THE EUROPEAN TYRE LABEL

As from 1 November 2012, new European tyre labelling comes into effect. It is compulsory for all new tyres manufactured from 1 July 2012.

Actual fuel savings and road safety are heavily dependent on driver behaviour and, in particular, the following three factors:

  • ecological driving can appreciably reduce fuel consumption,
  • tire inflation pressure should be checked regularly to achieve the best grip on a wet road and fuel efficiency,
  • safety distances should always be scrupulously respected.

A. What does it involve?

It provides the consumer with clear information on fuel consumption, safety characteristics on a wet road and the noise that the tyre produces.

B. How do I read this information?

1. Fuel saving and CO² emissions:

This indicates the level of rolling resistance. The rating scale varies between A (the most economical) to G (the least economical).
The fuel saving generated each year by the best tire compared to the worst is approximately 90 litres. Over the entire lifetime of a tyre, the fuel saving amounts to around five full tanks (i.e. 240 litres with average fuel consumption of 7 litres/100 km and estimated annual mileage of 15,000 km for a tire lifespan of 40,000 km).
Base value for rating.

2. Adhesion to a wet road surface:

This indicates the braking performance on a wet road. The rating scale varies between A (shortest braking distance) to G (longest braking distance).
This criterion is calculated on the ability of the tyre to stop a vehicle at 80 kph.
The difference between each level corresponds to two car-lengths (i.e. approx. 3 to 6 metres). Braking distances increase considerably for tyres with a high rating.
Not measured: from 1/11/2014, F and G rated tyres will no longer be sold in the EU.

3. External road noise:

This is the noise outside the vehicle caused by its movement. This rating is expressed by two values.

  • Waves: one to three full bars.
  • The sound level corresponding to these waves.

Today, the European standard is three full bars, the basis on which the calculation is made. From 2016, the standard will be two full bars (i.e. approximately 3 decibels (dB) below what it is today).
The expected benefits of this rating system:

  • A continued increase in the technical manufacturing level of tyres in the interest of continually improving product quality.
  • Guiding the consumer in his/her choice of which tyre to buy.

IMPORTANT:

The EUROPEAN LABEL does not cover all the determining elements and criteria for the efficiency of a product. Some, such as the braking distance on a dry surface, the resistance to aquaplaning, interior noise and road holding on a bend are not mentioned in the new labelling.
These items are therefore additional tyre ratings for Pneus Online customers that you can find in the product data sheet for the tyre in question.

C. Exceptions:

The following are exceptions to the rating system:

  • Motor cycle tyres
  • Quad bike tyres
  • Re-treads
  • Professional off-road tyres.
  • Tyres designed only for fitting on vehicles first registered prior to 1 October 1990.
  • T-type spare tyres intended for temporary use.
  • Tyres in the less-than-80 kph speed category
  • Tyres with a maximum nominal rim diameter of 254 mm (10 inches) or of at least 635 mm (25 inches)
  • Tyres fitted with devices to improve traction (for example studded tyres).
  • Tyres designed only for fitting to vehicles intended exclusively for racing.

For more information go to http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:32009R1222

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